By Richard Hofstadter
A revised version of the clasic learn of yankee politics from the Founding Fathers to FDR.
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Extra info for The American Political Tradition: And the Men Who Made it
In company and politics the captains of did their paintings boldly, blandly, and cynically. Exploiting staff and milking farmers, bribing Congressmen, paying for legislatures, spying upon opponents, hiring armed guards, dynamiting estate, utilizing threats and intrigue and strength, they made a mockery of the beliefs of the easy gentry who imagined that the nation’s improvement may occur with dignity and reticence less than the regime of laissez-faire. Their exploits created the ethical surroundings that brought on such an honorable conservative of the old-fashioned as E. L. Godkin to assert: I got here right here fifty years in the past with excessive and fond beliefs approximately the USA. … they're now all shattered, and i've it seems that to appear somewhere else to maintain even average hopes concerning the human race alive. but it might be a mistake to imagine that moral sense had died one of the enterprise barons. What made it attainable for them to function within the proximate spheres of politics and with such joyful and unstinted rapacity used to be the truth that they'd, when it comes to these final rationalizations upon which moral sense rests, the main believable, the profoundest purposes to think that what they have been doing could paintings to a last reliable. in the event that they may purchase Congressmen with out making an apology, even to themselves; it used to be simply because they operated—or so that they thought—in behalf of a benign transformation of large importance. as the abiding value in their deeds will be so nice and so strong, they didn't have to be anxious approximately their daily knaveries. faraway from humble and apologetic, they have been convinced and conceited. whilst Collis P. Huntington wrote to a political agent referring to a few of his bribery for the Southern Pacific: when you have to pay cash to have the suitable factor performed, it's only simply and reasonable to do it. … If a guy has the ability to do nice evil and won’t do correct until he's bribed to do it, i feel the time spent may be received whilst it's a man’s accountability to move up and bribe the pass judgement on. a guy that might cry out opposed to them himself also will do these items himself. If there has been none for it, i wouldn't hesitate— he used to be no longer being a sanctimonious hypocrite; he used to be only expressing his passionate American conviction that he had each sincere correct to come back into his personal, and it really is uncertain that many tycoons of his time might have differed in precept. to visualize that such males didn't sleep the sleep of the simply will be romantic sentimentalism. within the Gilded Age even the angels sang for them. The sincere clarification of the captains of have been manifold. might be their basic protection was once that they have been development a good business empire; it was once wasteful development, yet their the USA notion it will possibly have enough money waste. some of their number—the identify of Jay Gould stands out—were speculators, exploiters, and wreckers, natural and straightforward, however the majority may possibly reflect on themselves as titans, no longer purely of hypothesis and blend, yet of commercial creativity on an epic scale. extra, they stood squarely upon the yankee mythology of chance for the typical guy.